Category: Читаємо англійською ( reading) (Page 1 of 39)

Які книжки читати: адаптовані чи в оригіналі?

Немає опису світлини.
 Пост тільки для тих, хто любить читати взагалі та хотів би навчитися вільно читати англійською – зокрема.
За роки викладання впевнилася, що діти, які добре знають математику, мають гарні успіхи з іноземних мов. От такий собі взаємозв’язок. І намагаюся донести секрет успішного навчання мови, який дуже добре розуміють музиканти та спортсмени – систематичні, регулярні заняття є суворою необхідністю. Коли настають канікули, а особливо літні, книжки з іноземної, зошити, навчання залишається у найдальшому кутку письмового стола. На жаль. Знаю багато сімей, де діти читають, бо їм цікаво ( батьки допомогли виробити звичку) або “бо мама так сказала”. Читати іноземною важко, але є вихід – адаптовані книжки на будь-яку тематику та смак. Вони дозволяють дитині або дорослому відчути задоволення від практичного застосування мови, пам’ятати вивчені слова, правила та конструкції. Все ніби добре. Для початківців та учнів початкового рівня – так. А далі? Пропоную Вашій увазі порівняння трьох текстів.
  1. Видавництво “OXFORD university press”, казка “Гидке каченя”. Перших кілька рядочків: “It is summer. A duck sits on her eggs. She sits and she waits. She waits and waits. At last the egg open.” Все зрозуміло, читати легко і приємно. Особливо, якщо Ви – учень другого класу, наприклад.
  2. Видавництво “Арій”, Київ: “It was lovely beautiful summer in the countryside. The weather was sunny and dry. People were working in the golden fields. A stork was walking on his long red legs. He was watching the people who were making aromatic hay in the meadow. … In that thick grass a duck sat on her nest. There were some eggs in the nest. The duck was waiting for her little ducklings. It was boring to sit on the eggs when other ducks swam in the moat.”
Що є тут? Значно побільшало слів. З’явилися Past Simple i Past Continuous, правильні і неправильні дієслова, складні речення і слова, які точно не вивчаються у школі – moat, наприклад. Звісно, можна було обійтися тільки Past Simple – адаптація ж. А потім, через роки, довго на уроках втокмачувати дітям особливості вживання Past Continuous.
Діти не вивчають мову – вони у ній живуть. Як потім пояснити дитині, що раніше читали тільки в Present або Past Simple, а тут ще з’явився якийсь тривалий час? Дитина ще і книжку принесе з улюбленою казкою і скаже: «Але ж тут написано ТАК!” Сказати, що раніше ти був недостатньо розумний, щоб засвоїти цей час?
Казка призначена для учнів початкових класів. Але адаптація різна і вимагає різного рівня знань. А потім діти виростають і постають перед необхідністю здавати тести та іспити, а там таке, чого вони ніколи не бачили! І займалися ж! Уроки робили, з репетиторами вправи писали… Всі дуже зайняті, але попри це вкрай необхідно впроваджувати культуру читання. Книга – це виховання душі, широкий світогляд, гарна багата мова, грамотне письмо.
Але повернемось до казки. На сайті http://hca.gilead.org.il/ugly_duc.html казка виглядяє вже так:
“It was lovely summer weather in the country, and the golden corn, the green oats, and the haystacks piled up in the meadows looked beautiful. The stork walking about on his long red legs chattered in the Egyptian language, which he had learnt from his mother. The corn-fields and meadows were surrounded by large forests, in the midst of which were deep pools. It was, indeed, delightful to walk about in the country. In a sunny spot stood a pleasant old farm-house close by a deep river, and from the house down to the water side grew great burdock leaves, so high, that under the tallest of them a little child could stand upright. The spot was as wild as the centre of a thick wood. In this snug retreat sat a duck on her nest, watching for her young brood to hatch; she was beginning to get tired of her task, for the little ones were a long time coming out of their shells, and she seldom had any visitors. The other ducks liked much better to swim about in the river than to climb the slippery banks, and sit under a burdock leaf, to have a gossip with her. At length one shell cracked…”
Рівень тут точно не початковий. І цей уривок дуже мало схожий на два попередні. Одна й та сама казка. Для дітей, бо дорослі вже казок не читають. Але , часом, і дорослі, відкриваючи книжку в оригіналі, тихо впадають у відчай – стільки всього незнайомого! Як цьому всьому дати раду?! І через тиждень-другий закривають книжку. На жаль, надовго.
До читання книжок в оригіналі потрібно переходити якнайшвидше, а десь з сьомого – восьмого класу – вже обов’язково. Розбирати зміст і граматику, вивчати нові слова та конструкції, паралельно виконуючи вправи для засвоєння матеріалу. Потрібно усвідомити, що це не буде швидко. Але з кожним розділом, з кожною книжкою читання буде дедалі легшим та зрозумілішим. Учневі важко розкласти текст на граматичні складові, нелегко самостійно засвоїти слова, не зазубрюючи їх, не завжди зрозуміло, що робити з новими словами, якими не розмовляють у побуті. Потрібна допомога досвідченого викладача. Може, для читання всієї книжки або частини її. Це – не просто заняття, це – співпраця двох однодумців. Заняття можуть бути онлайн і тривати стільки, скільки цікаво буде працювати, а не визначений об’єм часу, який треба відбути. Заняття можуть бути у вигляді листування, коли учень отримує пояснення та завдання для самостійного опрацювання. В такому випадку завдань буде небагато, але виконання повинно бути систематичним. Запропонуйте такий вид роботи своєму репетитору або звертайтеся до мене. Багато учнів взяти, звісно, не зможу через фізичний брак часу. 😊 Обирайте улюблену книжку і – до зустрічі!
Ваша Діана Миколаївна Остачинська – онлайн репетитор англійської мови.
Немає опису світлини.
1

How one little boat (and me) held up miles of London traffic at Tower Bridge

https://www.youtube.com/watch?app=desktop&v=iitXhgif_lo&fbclid=IwAR1DdKjPxdUC69bVRoHQ_8h2Q86hONZPlPRjiQRrgieWoIRH7JUVAxim6Vo

Learn English Through Stories.

Результат пошуку зображень за запитом audio stories

  1. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yuRctwiZHBU    =  Leonardo da Vinci by JohnWork.
  2. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PAQ-LE9oij8  = “Scotland”  ( level 2).
  3. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aYm1rvL2aP8  = “Lazy Girl” ( fairy tale).
  4. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jksY7OiqOfs = “Jennifer Lpez” by Rod Smoth.
  5. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=toOlTZWCaRE = “England” ( level 4).
  6. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AIzQia83YXM = Jane Eyre (beginning level).
  7. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jxSR_NDnR9Y  = “Coco Chanel”  (level 3 ).
  8. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Wm8wpk-lZnI  = “Lost Love” (beginner).
  9. .https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mJRUIwM_MXE =  “The Star Child”
  10. https://www.youtube.com/watch?fbclid=IwAR28uxMqjc9yXe30cwQS2O0-M3i37jkHn9X2e7e35qjklcGLiWUWstUWwVY&v=mVzOgqByr0s&feature=youtu.be = Frozen. Part 1. English stories for kids. Mr. Burgerbook.
  11.  For kids: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_Q3fs4NCexw
  12. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=II-OZIxS7Z0 = Snow White and the Seven Dwarts – Grimm’s Fairy Tales – Full Story
  13. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cbHfFhLqZ30  = Heidi
  14. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QH5VcaiZ_Bc =  Little Princess Stories . 5 Best Princess Storybooks – Bedtime Storiesand Fairy Tales Compilation.
  15. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-SlpM7-6SVI = Rumpelstilskin Story  for kids
  16. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NUyT3uhbS0g = Sweet Porridge Story
  17. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zVLr6TKz-NM = The Headless Horseman by Thomas Mayne Peid. Audiobook ( Part 1 -3)

 

Christmas Stories

  1. https://storyland.ca/story-32-santa-got-stuck-in-the-chimney/

Santa Got Stuck in the Chimney

Результат пошуку зображень за запитом "Santa Got Stuck in the Chimney"

It was Christmas Eve. The children had hung their stockings by the fireplace and were all snug in their beds.

Sometime during the night, they were visited by a big, jolly, old man dressed in red. You got it, it was Santa Claus!

Santa and his bright red toy bag came down the chimney. This was his last stop of the night. First, he filled each stocking with special treats. Then, for each child, he left some gifts.

“A new bike for Suzie,” said Santa, pulling a beautiful pink bicycle out of his bag. “And, a train set for Billy.”

By the time Santa was finished his work, he was a little hungry. He spotted a glass of milk and a plate of goodies, sitting on the kitchen table.

“I’ll just take one,” said Santa, reaching for a piece of chocolate cake. “If I eat too much, I might get stuck in the chimney on my way out.”

The cake was so gooey and so good that Santa just had to have another slice. Soon, the plate was empty.

“Oh my!” said Santa, realizing what he had done. “I’m so full now!”

Santa got up from the chair. As he did, he heard it snap in two.

“Oh my!” said Santa again. “I’ve broken the chair!”

Santa gathered up his bag and went over to the chimney. With a twinkle of his eyes and a twitch of his nose, up the chimney he rose. However, he was only able to get halfway up the chimney before he got stuck. He tried to go further, but the further he went, the more he got stuck.

Oh no!” said Santa. “I’m stuck!”

No matter what Santa did, he could not get out. He dangled in mid-air with his big black boots hanging over the fireplace.

“I’m glad there is no fire on right now,” said Santa, after a few hours had gone by. “My feet would get pretty hot!”

Morning soon came. Suzie and Billy were quite anxious to go downstairs and see what Santa had brought them. They both went into their parents bedroom.

“Merry Christmas!” they shouted.

“Merry Christmas, children!” Mom and Dad said.

Within a few minutes, the whole family was downstairs. Suzie spotted the empty plate.

“Santa Claus was here!” she exclaimed. “And, he ate all the goodies.”

Billy noticed the broken chair.

“Yeah,” he said. “He ate so much that he broke the chair.”

Dad was by the fireplace. He had just placed some kindling into it and was about to strike a match, when he just happened to look up. He saw a pair of big, black rubber boots hanging down.

“That’s nothing children!” Dad said, tugging on one of the boots with all his might. “Santa is still here!”

The children rushed over to the fireplace. They helped Dad pull Santa out of the chimney. They tugged and tugged and tugged. Finally, down came Santa, with a crash.

“Ho! Ho! Ho!” he rang. “Merry Christmas!”

He was gone in a flash, this time, out the front door.

“What was all the commotion about?” Mom asked, coming out of the kitchen.

“Oh, it was just Santa Claus,” laughed Billy. “He was so fat from eating all your baked goods that he not only broke the chair that he was sitting on, but he also got stuck in the chimney!”

The whole family laughed.

A heavy thump, thump, thump was heard on the roof of their house and then a jingle, jingle, jingle and finally, a “Ho! Ho! Ho! Merry Christmas!”

IELTS

Результат пошуку зображень за запитом "IELTS"

  1. http://www.goodluckielts.com/
  2. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sRFEKvsw-vs
  3. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XyDrz6YAwvw /
  4. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TyYHs1-6Vls //
  5. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wzzOowpCryw
  6. https://elf-english.ru/2016/09/ielts-letter-writing-kak-napisat-ielts-pismo-na-vysokij-ball/
  7. https://reallanguage.club/ielts-listening-audirovanie/
  8. https://www.touchstoneedu.com/ielts-test-pattern/
  9. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OualsHB1FqE
  10. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9KijVQDFyi0
  11. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SHhJ1RqWl-k

Audiobooks

Результат пошуку зображень за запитом "аудиокниги"

  1. https://www.englishdom.com/blog/luchshie-audioknigi-na-anglijskom-yazyke/
  2. https://angliyskiyazik.ru/
  3. https://scribl.com/browse?page=1&bf=all:ebooks:audio_ebooks:podcasts&ac=0
  4. http://thoughtaudio.com/
  5. https://www.storynory.com/
  6. https://librivox.org/
  7. http://www.loyalbooks.com/
  8. http://www.delightenglish.ru/audiobooks.htm
  9. https://onlinenglish.ru/audiobook.html
  10. http://begin-english.ru/audio/audioknigi
  11. https://fenglish.ru/adaptirovannye-audioknigi-na-anglijskom-ot-obl/
  12. http://englishon-line.ru/chudog-teksti.html
  13. http://etc.usf.edu/lit2go/
  14. http://asbook.co/abooks/english/page/2/

shore / coast / coastline

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uUTrfgR–84

A

  1.  Coastline is the area where the land meets the sea or
  2. The shore is where the water meets the land.
  3. The shore is the land at the edge of an ocean, sea or lake.
  4. The beach is at the edge of or along the shore.
  5. Nowhere in the UK is more than 113 KM ( 70 mi )  from the coast.
  6. Around 30 million people ( out of 60 million ) live on the coast of the UK.
  7. The U. S. Coast Guard can come to your rescue  along the coasts of the US.
  8. Cork is the second largest city in the Republic of Ireland. It stands on the coast.
  9. The coastline of Italy is around 9,226 km in length.
  10. The United Kingdom’s coastline is more broken than coastlines of many other countries.
  11. Much of UK coastline is accessible.
  12. The lifeguard may want you to swim back to shore and get out of the water.
  13. Yachts sometimes anchor near the shore. They need boats to get to the shore.
  14. They also must take their garbage ashore in the nearest port.
  15. Do you want to stay at a lighthouse hotel on the shore near the beach?

 

B  Coastline / sea / water / land / edge / Coast Guard / rescue / accessible / swim / shore / anchor / yacht / boat / port / lighthouse / beach

С. https://www.votpusk.ru/country/kurort.asp?CN=IT&CT=IT003Фото Тирренского побережья

D.  http://italia-ru.com/page/amalfitanskoe-poberezhe

amalfi

Balloon Science Experiment

http://www.pbs.org/parents/crafts-for-kids/balloon-science-experiment/

Materials:

an empty plastic bottle

vinegar

baking soda

small spoon

copy paper

permanent marker

balloon

scissors

glue stick

  1. Cut a thick strip of copy paper. Draw a shirt for the front of your empty bottle. Glue the paper around the empty plastic
  2. Using your permanent marker, draw a face on your balloon.
  3. Pour 1/2 cup of vinegar into your empty water bottle.
  4. Next, using a small spoon pour baking soda into your balloon until it’s about 1/4 the way full.
  5. Now you are ready to perform your science experiment! Carefully stretch the neck of the balloon around the neck of the bottle partially filled with vinegar, making sure to keep the baking soda in the balloon. When you’re ready, dump the baking soda into the vinegar and watch as your balloon (or in this case, face!) grows and inflates!
  6. balloon-long

 

 

TP Roll Bunny Egg Holders

http://www.pbs.org/parents/crafts-for-kids/tp-roll-bunny-egg-holders/

Materials:

  • toilet paper rolls
  • permanent marker
  • scissors
  • Instructions

    bunny-final

    Happy Easter!

    Trace and cut out the bunny ears and 1 inch base from your TP roll. Make sure to leave the ears connected to the bottom of the roll.

  • Paint the ears and base all one color.
  • Paint the inside of the ears pink.
  • Use the permanent marker to draw a bunny face and put your egg in the holder.

 

bunny7

CHRISTOPHER COLUMBUS USED THE MOON TO FEED HIS MEN

https://deepenglish.com/2018/04/christopher-columbus-used-moon-feed-men/

Результат пошуку зображень за запитом "колумб и солнечное затмение"

Christopher Columbus was a hero to some and a villain to others. Hewas a brave explorer, but he also enslaved, murdered and stole fromnative people across the Americas. He first met the Arawak natives inthe Bahamas in 1492. They generously traded everything they owned.Columbus saw this as a weakness. He wrote in his journal, “Theybrought us parrots and balls of cotton and spears and many otherthings. They do not bear arms, and do not know them. They wouldmake fine servants.”

Eleven years later, Christopher Columbus was still taking advantageof the Arawak’s hospitality.

On his fourth and final voyage in 1503 Columbus found himself indire straits. Shipworms had destroyed two of his ships. He wasforced to abandon them and send the rest of his ships to an island wenow know as Jamaica.

The Arawaks were initially keen to help Columbus. They offered himand his sailors food and shelter. However, after six months, tensionsgrew. The ships had still not been repaired. Some of Columbus’s crewhad mutinied and started to run amok on the island robbing andmurdering some of the natives. The Arawaks also grew tired of tradingfresh food for Columbus’s trinkets. They decided to burn theirbridges with the visitors and cut off their food supply.

Faced with starvation, the crafty Columbus studied his almanac. Helearned that on the evening of Thursday, Feb. 29th, 1504, a total lunar eclipse would occur.

He met with the Arawak chief three days before the eclipse and saidhis Christian god was angry with the natives for no longer supplyinghis men with food. He said in three nights time his god would makethe moon red with anger.

Just as Columbus said, the moon rose and slowly turned blood red asit passed into the shadow of the earth. Columbus’s son Ferdinand saidthe Arawaks were terrified.

He wrote how they howled in fear and came running to the ships.They screamed and begged Columbus to ask his god for mercy.

They promised they would cooperate with Columbus if he would turnthe moon back to normal. Columbus said he would talk privately withhis god.

Columbus spent 50 minutes in his cabin calculating the end of theeclipse. He reappeared and announced his god had forgiven theArawaks. Almost in the same instance the moon slowly began toreappear in all its glory.

To show their gratitude the Arawaks kept Columbus and his men wellfed until they returned to Spain on November 7th.

EXERCISES: 

A. situation / generous / dreadful / keen / villain / howl / weapon / stress / leave / dire / straits / abandon / trinket / mutiny / abundant / shrewd / tension / revolt / pardon / trifle / supplies / food / befall /wail / mercy / instance / sample / amok /occur /crafty

B. 1) showing a readiness to give more of something, especially money, than is strictly necessary or expected

2) a long, loud, crying sound.

3) the feeling that is produced in a situation when people are anxious and do not trust each other, and when there is a possibility of sudden violence or conflict.

4) someone who deliberately harms other people or breaks the law in order to get what he or she wants.

5) a prolonged high-pitched cry of pain, grief, or anger

6) You use for instance to introduce a particular event, situation, or person that is an example of what you are talking about.

7) a small part or quantity intended to show what the whole is like

8) especially of something bad happen to someone

9) give up completely (a course of action, a practice, or a way of thinking)

10) an open rebellion against the proper authorities, especially by soldiers or sailors against their officers

11) having or showing sharp powers of judgment; astute

12) having or showing eagerness or enthusiasm

13) a small ornament or item of jewellery that is of little value

14) used to emphasize how serious or terrible a situation or event is

15) clever at achieving one’s aims by indirect or deceitful methods

1-b / 2-f / 3-q / 4-e / 5-x / 6-z / 7-1 / 8-w / 9-l / 10-n / 11-p / 12-d /  13-m /14-j / 15-4

 

 

 

 

 

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